Developed and Pioneer Communties

The Conservation of the Country's Aquatic Ecosystems (Public Awareness Campaign



The Aquatic systems in the Gaza Strip have been polluted by different effects such as the old sewage networks, the use of cesspits for wastewater disposal or/and through unsafe disposal of solid waste and wastewater directly to the sea   .

The shallow coastal aquifer is the only resource of water in the Gaza strip, but it is being heavily used by water extractions for the purposes of human consumption and for irrigation, this effected negatively as a consequence on the quantity of water and on  the health of the public .

In addition to its negative impact on the ground water that results from the infiltration of row sewage to the underground water , the poor sanitation system is the primary cause of the infectious diseases . Also , this system of wastewater collection ,conveyance and storage has been increased health risks associated with mosquitoes ,large flies , rats and other vectors.

Associated diseases with the inadequate of environmentally sound disposal of sewage have resulted in epidemics and infectious diseases associated with the mismanagement of water pollution like cholera , dysentery and gardia diseases and associated with the wastewater like hepatitis and yellow fever.

In the Gaza Strip , some areas ( More than 45% ) are not connected by sewerage system or/and the existing one don’t work efficiently , this means that sewage is disposed directly to sea water or to the aquifer which threaten the sea life , aquatic ecosystems and the public health ; only limited percentage of households discharging to efficient sewerage networks .

As the Palestinian Water Body of The Palestinian Authority is implementing the project "Gaza Central Sewerage " which covers Gaza city and five adjacent middle area communities and aims to contribute toward protecting the regional aquatic systems and to reduce the health risks on the population in these communities by construction and operating Wastewater Treatment Plant and new Sewage Networks , the campaign worked mainly to assist people in these areas to become aware of their environment and to manage it at the community level , and to encourage them to participate actively in all project phases .

Furthermore the campaign focused on instigating citizens to protect the new system and to use it safely and train them about the possibilities for the use of treated effluent and sewage sludge in many applications such as irrigation , composting , infiltration,…etc.

The campaign included many awareness activities such as : Workshops , meetings , field visits . Moreover , Brochures , pamphlets and Posters were distributed through the activities to enhance the role of community in the sustainability of Gaza Central Sewerage project .

This campaign was implemented in cooperation with relevant institutions and bodies in the targeted areas.



Main Goal and Objectives



The overall goal of the campaign is to provide an effective public awareness program for  the community participation in protecting the regional ground and Shallow water resources and to instigate the sustainable use for Gaza Central Sewerage project  .


Objectives :


-          To disseminate the concepts of ground and shallow water protection and waste water treatment and re-use  in all life aspects .

-          To conserve the Aquatic ecosystems in the Gaza Strip through encouraging the new systems of waste treatment and re-use .

-          To enhance the possibilities for the use of treated effluent and sludge in many applicable uses .

-          To increase the awareness and convince people with new techniques of waste water treatment and recycling.

-          To encourage and instigate the local communities in the city of Gaza and the five adjacent areas  to accept  new sewerage system and use it sustainably  .

-          To reallocate treated waste water between the competing sectors .